How about some church on a Sunday? Frederic Edwin Church, that is.
Church was the only student of Thomas Cole, who essentially started the Hudson River School of landscape painting, although whatever teaching transpired was probably more about what to paint than how to paint. Cole reportedly said that Church already had “the finest eye for drawing in the world” at the time, and Church is widely regarded as one of the finest American artists, perhaps the finest prior to Thomas Eakins and Winslow Homer.
He set out to convey the drama and grandeur of the North American and South American wilderness. (This was back before business and industry had really started in earnest their campaigns to rid both continents of those annoying patches of undeveloped wilderness.) Every spring to fall he would travel and sketch, often traveling by foot, and return to the studio in the winter to create his monumental works.
He painted landscapes on a grand scale, both in terms of subject and in the monumental scale of some of his canvasses. His famous painting Heart of the Andes, is a five foot high by ten foot wide (168 x 302 cm) canvas that was originally unveiled in a special room with dramatic gas jet lighting, curtains and palm fronds, to great response. Thousands of people paid admission to see the painting. We’re jaded by exposure to movie screens and billboards so it’s hard to grasp the visual impact of a dramatic image of exotic wilderness on that scale in the mid-1800’s.
Church became very successful and in 1867 he bought a parcel of land with a magnificent view of the Hudson River and later constructed his personal Persian-style castle Olana, which is today a museum dedicated to Church and his work.
Church became the youngest artist elected to membership in the National Academy of Design in New York, which is now the National Academy Museum and School of Fine Arts. Fittingly, a show of Church’s work, Treasures from Olana, is now on display at the National Academy Museum, along with a companion exhibit For Spacious Skies: Hudson River School Paintings From the Henry and Sharon Martin Collection. The Treasures from Olana exhibit is in New York until April 30, 2006. It then travels to Portland, ME, San Marino, CA and Princeton, NJ.
Church is also deservedly famous for his sweepingly dramatic views of Niagra Falls (before development, honeymooners and the Three Stooges), of which he painted several. I had the pleasure of seeing one of his paintings of Horseshoe Falls (above) when it was on display at the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts several years ago, and it just knocked me out. It’s stunning. I’ve also seen his work in several permanent collections here in the northeast.
The remarkable thing about Church’s work is that someone with an eye for composition can easily pick out numerous small paintings that could be cropped from areas of the larger works and stand on their own as wonderful paintings.
Exhibition link via Art Knowledge News.
Frederic Church at The Athenaeum
Frederic Church at CGFA
Frederic Church at the Artcyclopedia
4 Replies to “Frederic Edwin Church”
Growing up near Detroit, I had many opportunities to see his Cotopaxi, which I still believe is the zenith of dramatic landscape painting.
You may be right, Jeff. It’s an amazing image. I didn’t realize it was in Detroit (I used to visit Sarnia, Ontario frequently, but I never made it to the DIA.)
I chose the relatively sedate South American Landscape (top, left) because I’ve been able to see it near where I grew up, in the Delaware Art Museum. I also thought it representative of Church in that, like many of his paintings, it’s an amalgam of elements from various notes and sketches rather than a specific location. Even though Church often invented his compositions, he was intensely committed to the faithful and accurate representation of nature. I assume the same holds for Cotopaxi. He must have actually encountered places with the individual elements in that remarkable scene, even if they were not together.
From day 1 my enthusiasm for painting has been fueled by the works of Frederick Church, Thomas Cole and particularly Albert Bierstadt. I’m currently working to raise enough money to attend the Hudson River School which, from their website, leads me to believe that the techniques of the above artists are analysed and taught during the course.
In the meantime I’m looking for articles, books or any information on their painting techniques that I might practice in preparation for further education. I have purchased the largest book on Albert Bierstadt but its comprehensive coverage of his life sadly doesn’t include painting techniques.
Can you advise me of any written material that would offer an insight to the painting techniques and palettes of the above artists?
I look forward to your response at your earliest convenience.
I don’t know from first hand experience, but you might check into this book on Church:
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