William Heath Robinson, who signed his pictures “W. Heath Robinson”, was an English illustrator, cartoonist, author and watercolorist known in particular for his wry cartoons and his series of drawings depicting unlikely and complicated contraptions for accomplishing mundane tasks.
Here in the U.S. we associate the latter with American cartoonist Rube Goldberg, but Robinson was the original, and Goldberg… well, lets just say he “borrowed” the idea from Robinson. Robinson’s elaborate nonsense machines were also the inspiration for Nick Park’s delightful Wallace and Gromit animated films.
W. Heath Robinson’s brothers, Charles Robinson and Thomas Heath Robinson were both well known illustrators, as was their father, Thomas Robinson.
W. Heath Robinson was active in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, during the “Golden Age” of illustration. He is not as well known here in the U.S. as contemporaries like J.C. Leyendecker, N.C Wyeth, Arthur Rackham, Franklin Booth, Elizabeth Shippen Green and Maxfield Parrish, and Robinson doesn’t really get the recognition he deserves, even among aficionados of classic illustration.
Also, Robinson’s cartoons, as delightful as they are, often overshadow his achievements as an illustrator in pen and ink and in watercolor, and he sometimes is thought of more as a cartoonist than an illustrator. I love his cartoons, but I think it’s unfortunate that many miss out on his superb book illustration.
For me, one project of his stands out as a high point in the annals of pen and ink illustration, up there with the best of the best, and that is his illustrations for Shakespeare’s A Midsummer Night’s Dream (images above, top, bottom and several of the more complex images in between).
The project also included several color illustrations (image with the reflecting pool above), but it is the ink drawings from the book that have always captured my fascination.
Exhibition at Delaware Art Museum
As much as I have long admired them in print, I was astonished to find how beautiful the original drawings are when I had a chance to see some of them — along with a wonderful selection of Robinson’s other work — at a new exhibit that opened recently at the Delaware Art Museum.
The exhibit is a retrospective drawn from the collection of the William Heath Robinson Trust (UK), and it covers the breadth of his styles and length of his career. It is beautifully arranged and presented, and the selections of his work are superb.
Wonder and Whimsey: The Illustrations of W. Heath Robinson is on view until May 21, 2017.
I intend to go back as I have the chance.
There is not a catalog accompanying the exhibition, but there is a nice book from Dover titled Golden Age Illustrations of W. Heath Robinson that makes an acceptable substitute, and gives a nice overview of Robinson’s work. It was authored by Jeff A. Menges, who wrote the terrific book on 101 Great Illustrators from the Golden Age that I recently reviewed. Dover also publishes an edition of A Midsummer Night’s Dream with Robinson’s illustrations.
There is a new book of Robinson’s clever contraption illustrations, Very Heath Robinson, coming from Sheldrake Press in the UK; I don’t yet know if it will be available in the U.S.
A general Amazon search will bring up many more titles either by or with illustrations by W. Heath Robinson.
Online images & articles
As far as online resources, the selections are not as wide as I would hope. The Delaware Art Museum offers a modest gallery of a few of the images from the exhibit. The websites of William Heath Robinson Trust, Heath Robinson Museum offer image galleries, but the images are frustratingly small, and in the case of the Trust, defaced with watermarking.
The best and most extensive source I’ve found for Robinson’s images is Poul Webb’s Art & Artists, which features 20 extensive articles filled with Robinson’s cartoons and illustrations.
You can start with the first article and look for links to the others in the sidebar under November and December, 2015; or you can do a general search for W. Heath Robinson. If doing the latter, keep clicking through the “Next Posts” links at the bottom of the pages; there are 20 articles, but not presented in order when viewing that way.
I’ve linked to some additional articles, image sources and biographical information below.
W. Heath Robinson at The Delaware Art Museum, to 5/21/2017
William Heath Robinson Trust
Heath Robinson Museum
Brian Sibley's Blog
Chris Beetles Gallery (original art)
Article on BBC
Bio on JVJ Publishing
Bio on Wikipedia
Golden Age Illustrations of W. Heath Robinson (Dover), Amazon link
A Midsummer Night's Dream (Dover), Amazon link
Amazon general search for W. Heath Robinson
W. Heath Robinson books on AbeBooks (used & rare)
Related Lines and Colors Posts:
W. Heath Robinson
Charles Robinson (update)
5 Replies to “W. Heath Robinson (update)”
Well there’s a mystery explained, and a mystery from my subconscious that I wasn’t even aware of…
In my childhood when my dad or granddad would bodge something up with lumps of wood or metal or whatever was to hand, they’d utter the phrase “It’s a bit Heath-Robinson but it should work.”
Never thought any more about it until now, forty years on the mystery is solved. I wonder if they even knew where it originated from or if it was just one of those phrases in common use.
Wonderful pictures, nice to see he didn’t constrain himself to one particular medium or style.
The same as Steve, above; any unlikely contraption was known as being, “A bit Heath Robinson”.
I should have made the connection with his balloon drawing and indeed used it on a memo-pad back in the 1980s when I was designing the Philatelic First Day covers of the Bi-centenary of the first flight in Britain (All balloons and all pen & ink)
Rube Goldberg’s name is used to apply to similar concepts of overly complicated devices here the U.S., though not so much as a general adjective, but usually in the phrase “Rube Goldberg Machine“.
I learned something new today. I had always assumed that Rube Goldberg was “the guy” who came up with all of those wacky machines. Now I know who deserves the credit.
Goldberg was trained as an engineer, and certainly put his own spin on the concept.
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