Lines and Colors art blog

John Henry Twachtman

John Henry Twachtman
Like Edmund Tarbell, John Twachtman is usually labeled an “American Impressionist”. Also like Tarbell, that essentially means he took what he liked from French Impressionism and generally went his own way.

In Twachtman’s case, what he took was the light and atmosphere, the fascination for brilliantly lit landscape, the free and direct application of paint and the rich color captured by painting en plein air.

What he left out were the separate dabs of pure color, “optical color mixing” and Impressionist theories, substituting instead a fascination for the texture of roughly applied brushstrokes, scumbled pigment, drybrush effects and large blocks of color that presaged Cezanne’s eventual trek up the mountain of abstraction.

Twtchman’s approach varied throughout his career and reached in both directions through time. His palette was often darker than the French Impressionists, owing more to Courbet than Monet, and his Whistler-influenced masses of soft color reached past Impressionism to what would later be called “Post-Impressionism” and knocked on the door of Modernism.

Twachtman was born in Ohio and studied with Frank Duveneck. He traveled to Europe with Duvenek and William Merrit Chase, studying in Munich, Venice and Paris, where his paintings took on the soft look sometimes called “tonalist” as in the beautiful example above, Arques-la-Bataille, now in the collection of the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York.

After returning to America, he settled in Connecticut, married and spent many years painting his own house and gardens. He was good friends with J. Alden Weir; and along with Weir, Childe Hassam, Frank Benson, Edmund Tarbell and others, formed the “Ten American Painters”, a loose alliance of Impressionist-influenced painters, mostly in New York and Boston, who were linked primarily for their desire to push outside the bounds of traditional art.

I don’t know of any individual books on Twachtman that I can recommend, although you’ll find him in books on American Impressionism.

As you look through Twachtman’s paintings and graphics (he was an accomplished etcher), don’t be too quick to judge whether you like his work until you have sampled it from several points in the history of his many stylistic reinventions.

Twachtman was restless in his approach, but his paintings can be the essence of tranquility.

Art Renewal Center

Paintings and graphics on Spanierman Gallery site

Bio on Spanierman Gallery site

Bio on Hollis Taggart Galleries


Artcyclopedia (links)


6 responses to “John Henry Twachtman”

  1. I have always thought Twatchman was very influenced by Winslow Homer although I don’t know if he actually was. His work has that individual self reliant stamp that I find in Homer’s work.
    Another great post, where do you find the time?

  2. He a hero, but I wish he did more paintings of the level of your example.

  3. Beautiful artworks you represent!You have very nice blog!:O)

  4. Peter,

    Thanks. I don’t know where I find the time, but you may have noticed it can take me a while to respond to comments.

  5. Wm Wray,

    Thanks. I agree that I like this style of his best and I wish there was more of it.

    Other readers should check out William Wray’s paintings at

  6. Andrei,

    Thanks. I’m glad you’re enjoying it.